The Hentzia mitrata, otherwise known as the White-jawed jumping spider, is a species of Salticidae in North America and the Bahama Islands.
White-Jawed jumping spider: Identification.
These small arachnids measure around 1/6 an inch long with females usually larger than males. They are light brown in color with copper hued hairs atop their heads; pale white marks can be seen along its back carapace and edges of its legs – making them easily distinguishable from other spiders.
Jumping spiders are truly fascinating arachnids. They don’t wait in their web for a meal; they hunt it down. The male jumping spider woos his potential mate with song and dance. And jumping spiders have excellent vision.
Oh, and jumping spiders can jump. Boy, can they jump!
So, If you just found a jumping spider in your house, wait for a second and read all about it. Then, hopefully, you’ll let it live.
Jumping spiders hunt like humans. Some salticid species hunt their prey like human archers hunt deer by taking a high, seated position and then stalking any prey they observe.
Other jumping spiders use the spider version of the “still hunting.” Still hunting is used by bear hunters who continually move, stop, scan, and move again.
Jumping spiders prefer to ambush their prey instead of running after them and chasing them down. To do this, jumping spiders are willing to take the less traveled road. They will take meandering routes climbing trees and branches and circling behind the vegetation, even to the point where they lose visual contact with their target.
Dennis V. Gilmore Jr. is a former Marine Sergeant and the author of several books, including two on night hunting coyotes and red and gray fox. He has written several hundred articles on predator hunting for ThePredatorHunter.com.