Spitting Spider: How to Identify Nature’s Craziest Killer.

If arachnids enthrall you, then the Spitting spider (Scytodidae) should be at the top of your list! This family boasts more than 250 species divided into five distinct genera. The most popular one is unsurprisingly Scytodes, so keep an eye out as you explore this fascinating group of creatures.

spitting spider
Spitting spider and meal. Photo credit: Shutterstock.com/zaidi Razak

Spitting spider: Description.

With six eyes in three pairs, like cone web and recluse spiders, these creatures feature a dome-shaped carapace with distinct flecked spots. Additionally, they possess haplotype characteristics which indicate their female genitalia is less complex than that of other spider species.

Spitting spider: Hunting style.

Scytodidae utilizes a unique method of capturing their prey: spitting out the venomous and sticky liquid onto whatever they’re hunting. Not only does this fluid contain toxins, but it also contains spider silk! And while the substance is produced in toxin glands in the chelicerae, it thickens when it comes into contact with its target.

Some evidence suggests that the spiders’ venomous silk has an immobilizing and poisonous effect on prey such as silverfish. When filmed at high speed, these arachnids can be seen rhythmically swaying from side to side while “spitting”—trapping their victims in a Z-shaped pattern created by each chelicerae emitting half of that shape.

At a distance of roughly half an inch to eight-tenths of an inch, the spider surprises its prey with a quick attack sequence that only lasts one seven-hundredth of a second. Then follows up with venomous bites before wrapping in silk from the spinnerets for safekeeping.

Spider pages: Learn how to identify and avoid these spiders.

Types of Spiders: What’s Eating 800 Million Tons of Prey?

Can house spiders hurt you? Are house spiders Venomous?

Do Spiders Sleep? Do They Dream like Humans?

Tiger wolf spider.

Cross orb-weaver spider.

Hump-backed orb weaver.

Triangulate cobweb spider.

Carolina wolf spiders.

Striped fishing spiders.

White-Jawed jumping spiders.

Black lace-weaver spiders.

Black Spiders: How to identify them.

Long-Palped ant-mimic sac spider.

Peppered jumping spiders.

Spotted ground swift spider.

Spinybacked orb weavers.

Parson spiders.

White spiders.

Striped spider in the U.S.

How long do spiders live?

Spider anatomy 101.

The most venomous spiders in the world.

Zebra spiders.

Furrow orb weaver spider.

Marbled orb weaver spiders.

Red house spider identification.

Purse web spider.

Crab spider: How to identify.

Orb weaver Spiders: How to identify and get rid of them.

Common house spiders: How to Identify and get rid of them.

Dark fishing spiders.

Six-Eyed Sand Spider: Is the White Sand Spider Dangerous?

10 biggest spiders in the world.

The Red widow spider

Giant Huntsman Spider: How to Identify the Largest Spider

Brazilian salmon pink bird-eating tarantula

Brazilian Giant Tawny Red Tarantula

Colombian Giant Redleg Tarantula

Cerbalus Aravaensis: Middle East’s Largest Spider

Camel spiders: Myths and Facts.

Net-casting spiders: How to identify these spiders.

White-tailed spider: How to identify and manage.

Katipo Spider: How to identify New Zealand’s venomous spider

Brown widow spider: How to identify and avoid the false widow.

Redback spiders how to identify them and prevent bites

Funnel weaver spiders vs funnel-web

Cellar spiders how to identify and get rid of them

How to identify the wolf spider

How to identify the hobo spider

Brazilian wandering spider how to identify and avoid

Huntsman spider how to identify the eight legged freak

Jumping spiders how to identify these harmless hunters

Black widow spiders how to identify and avoid

Tarantulas appearance diet and mating

Do tarantulas bite?

Brown recluse spiders how to identify and avoid

Dennis V. Gilmore Jr.

Dennis V. Gilmore Jr. is a former Marine Sergeant and the author of several books, including two on night hunting coyotes and red and gray fox. He has written several hundred articles on predator hunting for ThePredatorHunter.com.

Recent Posts