Cross Orb-Weaver Spider: How to Identify

The Cross orb-weaver spider is a shy creature that only bites people if they corner or threaten it. To protect itself, this spider will shake rapidly in its web until it becomes a blur – an action meant to confuse would-be predators.

Cross orb-weaver spider
European garden spider, diadem spider, orangie, cross spider and crowned orb weaver (Araneus diadematus). Photo credit: Kartis.

Cross orb-weaver spider: Identification.

The Cross orb-weaver spider (aka, European garden spider, diadem spider, orangie, cross spider, and crowned orb weaver), is scientifically classified as Araneus diadematus. However, it goes by other names, such as the pumpkin spider, although this can be confused with another species: Araneus marmoreus.

This particular type of orb-weaving arachnid is native to Europe but has spread its webby wings over to North America, where it now resides too!

Cross orb-weaver spiders vary significantly in color, from the faintest yellow to a deep grey. Uniquely though, all of them have white mottling on their backs with four or more segments that form a cross shape. In terms of length, adult females reach up to 0.8 inches while males grow as long as 0.5 inches – and what’s more, they can sometimes consume the male after mating!

Cross orb-weaver spider: Hunting and webbing styles.

Orb-weaver spiders have evolved specialized legs to create their iconic orb webs. These intricately woven webs are constructed by the enormous female spider, who can hang suspended in the center of her web or lurk within neighboring foliage with one claw connected firmly onto a signal line that serves as an alarm for when potential prey appears.

Upon sensing something nearby, these formidable arachnids quickly bite and wrap their victims in silk before storing them for future consumption.

To immobilize the prey and protect herself from being stung, a spider takes its first bite to inject paralyzing enzymes that begin liquefying the internal structures of her victim.

In addition to using webs as hunting grounds, spiders sometimes cannibalize one another just before, during, or after mating; this is determined by their size, sexual experience, and hunger levels.

Further recommended reading about spiders.

Spider pages: Learn how to identify and avoid these spiders.

Hump-backed orb weaver.

Triangulate cobweb spider.

Carolina wolf spiders.

Striped fishing spiders.

White-Jawed jumping spiders.

Black lace-weaver spiders.

Black Spiders: How to identify them.

Long-Palped ant-mimic sac spider.

Peppered jumping spiders.

Spotted ground swift spider.

Spinybacked orb weavers.

Parson spiders.

White spiders.

Striped spider in the U.S.

How long do spiders live?

Spider anatomy 101.

The most venomous spiders in the world.

Zebra spiders.

Furrow orb weaver spider.

Marbled orb weaver spiders.

Red house spider identification.

Purse web spider.

Crab spider: How to identify.

Orb weaver Spiders: How to identify and get rid of them.

Common house spiders: How to Identify and get rid of them.

Dark fishing spiders.

Six-Eyed Sand Spider: Is the White Sand Spider Dangerous?

10 biggest spiders in the world.

The Red widow spider

Giant Huntsman Spider: How to Identify the Largest Spider

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Brazilian Giant Tawny Red Tarantula

Colombian Giant Redleg Tarantula

Cerbalus Aravaensis: Middle East’s Largest Spider

Camel spiders: Myths and Facts.

Net-casting spiders: How to identify these spiders.

White-tailed spider: How to identify and manage.

Katipo Spider: How to identify New Zealand’s venomous spider

Brown widow spider: How to identify and avoid the false widow.

Redback spiders how to identify them and prevent bites

Funnel weaver spiders vs funnel-web

Cellar spiders how to identify and get rid of them

How to identify the wolf spider

How to identify the hobo spider

Brazilian wandering spider how to identify and avoid

Huntsman spider how to identify the eight legged freak

Jumping spiders how to identify these harmless hunters

Black widow spiders how to identify and avoid

Tarantulas appearance diet and mating

Do tarantulas bite?

Brown recluse spiders how to identify and avoid

Dennis V. Gilmore Jr.

Dennis V. Gilmore Jr. is a former Marine Sergeant and the author of several books, including two on night hunting coyotes and red and gray fox. He has written several hundred articles on predator hunting for

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